Public & Private Law

Public and private law are categories of law under the Common system of law (Common Law). Public law involves the federal government acting as government rather than in other roles, such as property owner. Public law includes such matters as taxation, regulation of business practices, public welfare programs, foreign policy, and criminal justice. Private law does not involve the federal government acting as government. Private law includes such matters as marriage (family law) and personal injuries (tort law).

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