Criminal & Civil Law

Another category under Common law is criminal and civil law. Criminal law prohibits certain conduct and threatens punishment for the prohibited conduct. In criminal cases people and corporations are prosecuted by government for alleged violations of federal and/or state criminal laws. In criminal law, a violation is called either a felony or misdemeanor. Civil law does not always involve punishment if the law has been violated. Most often, violators are required to compensate those who suffered damages/losses as a result of the prohibited conduct. Civil law pertains to a variety of fields, such as contracts, wills, property, and domestic relations. Nevertheless, specific situations can result in both criminal and civil law proceedings.

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